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Financial Statements

Independent Auditors’ Report

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HMAJ/WDPL

TO THE SHAREHOLDERS OF COMMERCIAL BANK OF CEYLON PLC

Report on the audit of the financial statements

Opinion

We have audited the financial statements of Commercial Bank of Ceylon PLC (“the Bank”) and the consolidated financial statements of the Bank and its subsidiaries (“the Group”), which comprise the statement of financial position as at December 31, 2021, and the statement of profit or loss, the statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.

In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements of the Bank and the Group gives a true and fair view of the financial position of the Bank and the Group as at December 31, 2021, and of its financial performance and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with Sri Lanka Accounting Standards.

Basis for opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with Sri Lanka Auditing Standards (SLAuSs). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Group in accordance with the Code of Ethics issued by CA Sri Lanka (Code of Ethics) and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Key audit matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of the audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. For each matter below, our description of how our audit addressed the matter is provided in that context.

We have fulfilled the responsibilities described in the Auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements section of our report, including in relation to these matters. Accordingly, our audit included the performance of procedures designed to respond to our assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements. The results of our audit procedures, including the procedures performed to address the matters below, provide the basis for our audit opinion on the accompanying financial statements.

Key audit matter How our audit addressed the key audit matter
Provision for credit impairment on financial assets carried at amortised cost and debt instruments carried at fair value through other comprehensive income Provision for credit impairment on financial assets carried at amortised cost and debt instruments carried at fair value through other comprehensive income as stated in Notes 34 ,35 & 36 respectively is determined by management in accordance with the accounting policies described in Note 7.1.12. This was a key audit matter due to:
  • materiality of the reported provision for credit impairment which involved complex calculations; and
  • degree of management judgement, significance of assumptions and level of estimation uncertainty associated with its measurement
Key areas of significant judgements, estimates and assumptions used by management in the assessment of the provision for credit impairment included the following;
  • management overlays to incorporate the probable ongoing impacts of COVID-19 and related industry responses such as Government stimulus packages and debt moratorium relief measures granted by the Bank;
  • the incorporation of forward-looking information to reflect current and anticipated future external factors, including judgments related to the ongoing impact of COVID-19, both in the multiple economic scenarios and the probability weighting determined for each of these scenarios.
We assessed the alignment of the Bank’s provision for credit impairment computations and underlying methodology including consideration of COVID-19 impacts and related industry responses with its accounting policies, based on the best available information up to the date of our report. Our audit procedures included amongst others the following:
  • We evaluated the design, implementation and operating effectiveness of controls over estimation of impairment, which included assessing the level of oversight, review and approval of provision for credit impairment policies and procedures by the Board and management
  • We checked the completeness and accuracy of the underlying data used in the impairment computation by agreeing details to relevant source documents and accounting records of the Bank. We also checked the underlying calculations.

In addition to the above, the following procedures were performed:

For loans and advances assessed on an individual basis for impairment:

  • We assessed the reasonableness and timeliness of Management’s internal assessments of credit quality based on the borrower’s particular circumstances
  • We evaluated the reasonableness of key inputs used in the provision for credit impairment made with particular focus on the ongoing impact of COVID-19. Such valuations were carried out considering value and timing of cash flow forecasts, elevated risk industries, status of recovery action and collateral values

For financial assets assessed on a collective basis for impairment:

  • We tested the key calculations used in the provision for credit impairment
  • We assessed whether judgements, estimates and assumptions used by the Management in the underlying methodology and the management overlays were reasonable. Our testing included evaluating the reasonableness of forward-looking information used, economic scenarios considered and probability weighting assigned to each of those scenarios
  • We assessed the adequacy of the related financial statement disclosures set out in Notes 34 & 67.
Information Technology (IT) systems and controls over financial reporting A significant part of the Bank’s financial reporting process is primarily reliant on multiple IT systems with automated processes and internal controls. Further, key financial statement disclosures are prepared using data and reports generated by IT systems, that are compiled and formulated with the use of spreadsheets. Accordingly, IT systems and related internal controls over financial reporting was considered a key audit matter.

Our audit procedures included the following:

  • We obtained an understanding of the internal control environment of the processes relating to financial reporting and related disclosures.
  • We identified and test checked relevant controls of key IT systems related to the Bank’s financial reporting process.
  • We involved our internal specialized resources to evaluate the design and operating effectiveness of IT controls, including those related to user access and change management.
  • We checked key source data of the reports used to generate key disclosures for accuracy and completeness, including review of the general ledger reconciliations.
  • We also obtained a high-level understanding, primarily through inquiry, of the cybersecurity risks affecting the bank and the actions taken to address these risks. Further, we checked changes if any have been made to security monitoring procedures, given the increase in remote workers including the bank’s monitoring on remote workers activities.

Other information included in the 2021 Annual Report

Other information consists of the information included in the Annual Report, other than the financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon. Management is responsible for the other information.

Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.

Responsibilities of management and those charged with governance for the financial statements

Management is responsible for the preparation of financial statements that give a true and fair view in accordance with Sri Lanka Accounting Standards, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Group or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Bank’s and the Group’s financial reporting process.

Auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SLAuSs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with SLAuSs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

  • Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
  • Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the internal controls of the Bank and the Group.
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
  • Conclude on the appropriateness of management’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Group to cease to continue as a going concern.
  • Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with ethical requirements in accordance with the Code of Ethics regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

As required by section 163 (2) of the Companies Act No. 07 of 2007, we have obtained all the information and explanations that were required for the audit and, as far as appears from our examination, proper accounting records have been kept by the Bank.

CA Sri Lanka membership number of the engagement partner responsible for signing this independent auditor’s report is 1884.

 

Chartered Accountants

February 25, 2022
Colombo