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Business model for sustainable value creation

Business model


“Raw materials” for the value driver activities drawn from capitals. Please refer the Statement of Capital Position for the opening capital position as at January 01, 2023 of different capitals built by the Bank over the past 104 years.

  • Shareholders’ funds
  • Borrowed funds
  • Financial covenants
  • Customer deposits
  • Subordinated debt
  • Property, plant and equipment
  • Investments in process improvements
  • Information and Communication Technology
  • Public goods
  • Brand loyalty
  • Institutionalised knowledge
  • Best practices
  • Data analytics
  • Trained employees
  • Awards and accolades
  • Skills and experience
  • Competencies
  • Creativity
  • Committed and loyal employees
  • Healthy workforce
  • Equal opportunities
  • Services and supplies
  • Relationships
  • Assurance services
  • Collaborations and alliances
  • Customers
  • Contribution to the Bank’s CSR Trust
  • Utilities
  • Refinance funding for solar/digitisation projects
  • Social and Environmental Management System (SEMS)


Include primary, support and other value driver activities that promoted growth, positive stakeholder interactions and minimise risk. It is the inputs from the capitals together with relationships, interactions, interdependencies and trade-offs among capitals that generated outputs, leading to creation of value reflected in capitals.



Support Value Driver Activities

Delivery Channels (offering omni-channel experience) Internal Processes Products and Services Service Standards

Primary Value Driver Activities

Strategic Imperatives


(A detailed account of activities undertaken
during the year to deliver value to stakeholders that
enhanced capitals is given in the MD&A)


Operating Environment that provides context for value creation


Products and services and externalities generated through the value driver activities.

Loans & advances



Forex products

Transactional banking

Fee based services

International Trade related products & services

Travel-related services

REPO transactions

Advisory services


Environmentally-responsible, socially-inclusive and economically-enriching consequences of our activities and outputs manifested in capitals as value created. Please refer page 60 of the Statement of Capital Position for the closing capital position as at December 31, 2023 of various indicators under each of the six capitals.

  • Responsible finance
  • Financial Inclusion
  • Sustainable products and services
  • Prudent growth
  • Customer centricity
  • Leading through innovations
  • Operational excellence
  • Diversification
  • Affordable and inclusive finance
  • Good governance/transparency
  • Compliant and ethical bank

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  • Green and safe workplace
  • Workplace culture
  • Sustainable supply chain
  • Environmental stewardship
  • Empowered and engaged staff
  • Training & development
  • Optimised operations
  • Cordial industrial relations
  • Job security
  • Collaborations and partnerships

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  • Social enterprise
  • Social engagement
  • Environmental engagement
  • Empowered communities
  • Secure social license
  • Memberships in International and local alliances and affiliations

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